|Posted by SDF Party Cameroon/ Le Partie SDF Cameroun on May 4, 2015 at 9:30 AM|
HISTORY ANC CONTEXT OF BUILDING NESPROG
1- WHAT IS NESPROG?
NESPROG was drawn up since Bamenda convention in1992 by a team led by Dr Kevin Ngumne and Evariste Fopoussi Fotso joined later by Dr Susungi and composed of party economic experts, in consultation with some non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and many university lecturers and researchers.
Published in 1996 at the time when due to the failure of Biya's regime the country swore only by IMF and World Bank Structural Adjustment Programmes, NESPROG was an integrated, coherent socio-economic policy framework. It sought to mobilise Cameroonian people and the country's resources towards the final eradication of poverty and the building of a democratic and prosperous society. This is why it was named National Salvation Economic Programme, NESPROG.
NESPROG was supposed to be updated, at least, every seven years, in order to be in step with changes in the global economy as well as the national policy timeframe which provides for presidential elections at the end of this period. Unfortunately, the lack of means and the blocking of the democratic process that gave priority to exclusively political considerations did not make it possible. The update, today, that comes many years after, takes on a completely new form, a new draft, with regard to upheavals that the global economy has witnessed for some time as well as the immense damage that the ill-adapted structural adjustment policies and chronic poor governance caused to the economic and social fabric of the country.
Within the framework of NESPROG, SDF will develop when time comes right detailed positions and a genuine programme of government.
In that line key sectors of our society such as the business community and churches must be consulted and encouraged to participate as fully as they may choose.
Those organisations within civil society that participated in the development of NESPROG will be encouraged by an SDF government to be active in and responsible for the effective implementation of the NESPROG.
2- WHY NESPROG?
Need to put an end to some illusions
The catastrophic situation of the Cameroonian economy is certainly the result of failure in the management of its governing elite till date; however it took a turn for the worse over the last twenty years by way of a series of illusions.
The first illusion is to think that democracy has no place in the economic development of a country.
The second illusion is to believe that the path to development must necessarily come from abroad.
The third illusion consists in giving priority to palliative solutions to poverty whereas it shows simply an absence of development.
Democratic preconditions and institutional reforms
For a long time donors wallowed in the illusion that it was possible to turn-around the economy of a country without meddling in local politics in general. Particularly, they have for a long time been reluctant mounting pressure on governments to be more democratic. It was only from 1999 as we would see subsequently when they realized the havoc that poverty was wreaking that they came to terms with the slippages of poor governance whose main characteristic is the complete absence of democratic practices in the management of human and physical resources. In the case of Cameroon, for example, if from 1987, the year of the first programme with IMF and the World Bank, donor institutions had mounted pressure on Mr Biya to lead the country to the path of greater democracy, there would have been a reinforcement of the State of law and consequently less impunity and particularly less corruption, elements that rubbish most efforts at turning around the economy of the country.
When the situation of African countries under structural adjustment is examined on a case by case basis, we realize that the wealth of these countries in question depend in large measure on the quality of governance.
Thus, in countries where a particularly antidemocratic form of governance obtains like Cameroon, the Congo Democratic Republic or Central Africa Republic, there is an explosion of numerous perversions like corruption, cronyism, nepotism and tribalism that hamper the building of viable States and the putting in place of solid and efficient political and economic institutions. Hence, a constant incapacity to formulate efficient strategies to put the economy on track.
On the other hand, where significant efforts are made to reinforce the State of law, to institutionalize democratic practices and to promote good governance, there is more rationality in approaches to issues of development and in actions aimed at promoting the general well-being. Countries like Botswana, Mauritius Island, South Africa, Morocco, Ghana, Benin or Senegal are examples.
It has been proven that contrary to certain outdated believes, democracy and good governance are more enabling to development than autocracy.
Need to go beyond structural adjustment programmes
In order to square up to the global economic crisis set in motion by the oil crises of 1973 and 1977 and which began to hit Cameroon from 1985, the government after hesitating for a long time embarked from 1987 on structural adjustment programmes with the IMF and the World Bank, that were presented as veritable magic recipes to resolve all the economic problems of the country. Immediately, the government dropped development planning that was so dear to President Ahidjo and reduced its economic policy to a frantic race to meet the requirements of international donor institutions.
From one failure to another, due partially to their inappropriateness to the context and, on the other hand, to the impossibility of government to respect commitments taken vis-à-vis donors, these programmes led to such a dilapidation of the economic and social fabric that poverty spread in an exponential manner.
As from 1999, the Bretton Woods institutions tried to adopt a new approach by adding to their programmes an important social component based on poverty alleviation. This was the birth in 1999 of the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) in place of the Reinforced Structural Adjustment Facility (RSAF). The latter was replaced in 2000 with the highly indebted poor countries initiative (HIPC) aimed at totally or partially reducing the debt of poor countries that qualify for the initiative, including the commitment to use the reduction gains to alleviate poverty.
The admission of Cameroon to this programme led it to attain in 2006 the famous completion point that enabled it to obtain a significant reduction of the stock of its debt and a promise of financing amounting to more than CFAF 2000 billion over twenty to fifty years.
The great hopes raised by this success were quickly dashed because more than three years later, there is no improvement in the living conditions of Cameroonians. Worst of all, poverty is witnessing an upward trend in the country to a point where half of the population find themselves below the poverty line.
The SDF economic programme is thus an alternative to both the management failure of the Biya regime and the inappropriateness of structural adjustment policies imposed till date on our country by international donor institutions.
Cameroon history during the last twenty seven years has been a bitter period of dictatorship, corruption and failed economic policies. The result is the generalisation of poverty and the degradation of the living conditions of Cameroonians.
With the failure of Biya government policies came the structural adjustment plans as shown above followed by the HIPC initiative with aims of alleviating poverty which has become a major concern of the international community. Furthermore, it is one of the millennium objectives adopted by the United Nations during its General Assembly of September 2000 in New York that aims at reducing poverty by half in the world by 2015. (1)
(1) The millennium objectives for 2015 are as follows: (1) Reducing extreme poverty by half, (2) Ensure primary education for all, (3) Promote equality of the sexes and women empowerment, (4) Reduce by two thirds the mortality of children of less than 5 years, (5) Reduce by three-quarters maternal mortality, (6) Fight against the propagation of diseases, particularly HIV/AIDS, (7) Ensure a sustainable environment, (8) Install a world partnership for development including aid, trade and debt reduction objectives.
Unfortunately, it is clear that the strategies used till date to combat poverty and meet the millennium objectives are far from providing the results expected. For example, according to the UN Human Development Reports, school enrolment in Cameroon was 55% of school age children in 2005 but dropped to 52.3% by 2007. This can be blamed on the exclusively social approach that guides the action of Mr Biya’s government within the framework of the HIPC initiative of the IMF and the World Bank.
Promoting a sustainable and lasting economic growth.
With NESPROG SDF proposes a radical change of approach with the conviction that poverty is nothing other than the manifestation of a lack of development. SDF is convinced that to alleviate poverty in a sustainable manner, it is necessary to turn around the national economy in order for it to be on the path of a sustainable and lasting economic growth.
3-THE BASIC PRINCIPLES OF NESPROG
NESPROG is essentially centred on:
A people driven process
Cameroonian people, with its aspiration and collective determination for change, is the most important resource for NESPROG. It is focused on people's most immediate needs, and it relies, in turn, on their energies to drive the process of meeting these needs. Development is not about the delivery of goods to a passive citizenry. It is about active involvement and growing empowerment.
The building of a state of law
Since its birth in 1990 SDF has been at the vanguard for the institution in Cameroon of a State of law. The foundation of a State of law entails the existence of a constitution, adopted mutually and accepted by all and which takes precedence over the entire institutional structure. That is why it is called the fundamental law.
The State of law is also characterized by the existence and separation of three traditional powers i.e the executive, legislative and the judiciary as well as an independent judiciary that renders justice dispassionately.
In a State of law, the functioning of institutions provided for by the constitution draws from the source of moral and philosophical principles shared generally by the majority of the population and feeds on a sound and dynamic democratic practice that provides for the free selection of leaders, a constant renewal of executives and constant sanction of their management.
Finally, with the globalization of exchanges, it is now indispensable for a State of law to strive for integration in an always large environment in order to draw maximum profits from coordinated synergies and to be a major actor in international cooperation.
We have not reached this stage in Cameroon. And yet, only such a State can guarantee to Cameroonians the possibility to formulate in the long-term effective development strategies to alleviate poverty, boost the economy in a sustainable manner, promote its competitiveness in order to enable it win the globalization battle.
Consequently, SDF commits to undertake all necessary reforms to reinforce the State of law including above all the organization of a constitutional conference in charge of amending the present constitution, rewriting of the electoral law and the putting in place of an independent electoral commission and the organization of free and transparent elections at all levels in order to endow the country with legitimate leaders capable of steering the country to the path of recovery.
The need of federalism and the principle of subsidiarity
SDF thinks that the most appropriate way to embark on a self-reliant economic development is the putting in place of a highly decentralized state structure. The most elaborated form of political decentralization lies in a state structure of a federal nature. Generally, most developed countries and even those that record a rapid economic development are highly decentralized states.
The defence of social democratic values
SDF stands for social liberalism which, while promoting the law of the free market considers that the latter must be exercised under the authority of a regulatory State which ensures fairness of general rules and the pre-eminence of the spirit of national solidarity and social justice. The economic policy of SDF must protect private property, encourage private initiative and free competition. The role of the State is to regulate the market, to regulate it when there are dysfunctions and to ensure that the progress and fruits of growth should be distributed fairly. It must particularly in the first place be concerned with social justice, create conditions for an adequate robust economic growth that would steer the entire country on the path of progress.
The economic and social liberalism of SDF is based on a certain number of basic principles:
-Trust in man. SDF thinks that man must be at the base of any development policy, both as a driving force and purpose. In this light, it accords a fundamental importance to free enterprise. It commits to grant all necessary facilities and to protect all those who want to set up shop that would create wealth and jobs.
-Development of creativity. The spirit of creativity is the base of any progress. Also, the role of a responsible government is to ensure the creation of all conditions that enable the development of the creative genius of citizens.
-Defence of wage-earners. As a social democratic party, SDF thinks that labour is the most important element of capital. Consequently, it is essential that those who put their energy at the disposal of the labour market should have the possibility to group together within the framework of trade unions to ensure the protection of their interests. The existence of independent and responsible workers’ trade unions is indispensable to the development of constant social dialogue between the main social partners that are workers, employers and the State.
-The regulatory role of the State. The role of the State is particularly to prevent excesses of the market by regulating the latter by way of a fair and neutral regulation. Consequently, it must fight against too much bureaucracy, corruption and administrative bottlenecks.
In order not to hamper the free play of competition and endanger productivity and competitivity of the economy, indispensable in this era of prevailing globalization, the State has to withdraw as much as possible from the productive sector except for domains of sovereignty such as defence, water and energy as well as telecommunications where a minimum presence on its part is indispensable.
-Need for a progressive fiscal policy. The best fiscal system is that which is based on a fair evaluation of the capacity to create revenue for the economy. Where citizens are all the more convinced of the need to pay their taxes, the government should show a greater willingness to use their money rationally and in a responsible manner. SDF is thus convinced that the obligation for each citizen to discharge his/her fiscal duty must be in tandem with that of a responsible management of public funds by the government. Hence, SDF commits to wage a merciless battle against corruption, administrative bottlenecks and bureaucratic red tape.
- Need for constant concertation between the Government and private sector.
The economic downturn under the Biya regime is partially due to the fact that the government shows a manifest hostility towards the business community. A hostility that is manifested through several obstacles and intimidation of all sorts particularly an unprecedented fiscal harassment that has frustrated businessmen to the point where they manifest less and less desire to invest. (1)
Public authorities instead of being the indispensable complement of the private sector in promoting development have often passed for resolute adversaries. Their secular arm which is the public service has thus become the main hindrance to development by paralysing the economic machine through its mismanagement, prebendary and corrupt comportment as well as its sheer size that is a heavy burden to the budget of the State that is meagre by the day.
SDF resolves to establish an atmosphere of trust between the government and the business world by way of a constant concertation and the systematic involvement of the latter in taking all decisions concerning the economy. Finally, it commits to downsize the public service in order to make it a better trained and motivated corps exclusively at the service of the economic and social development of the Nation for the well-being of all citizens.
The mobilization of the youth and women for development
Women represent more than 51% of the population of Cameroon whereas 60% of this same population is less than twenty years. On the other hand, land which represents the greatest potential for the creation of wealth and jobs in the country is cultivated for the most part by women and the youth.
Finally, the youth have a greater capacity to imbibe innovations and progress generated today by great scientific and technological advances.
SDF thus commits to place the youth and women at the centre of its development policy.
The protection of the environment
The environmental wealth of Cameroon is immense be it at the level of biodiversity, fauna or flora. It is, however, threatened by the uncontrolled exploitation by man, the vagaries of nature like in the Grand North or climate change.
The environment is also at the centre of the development strategy of SDF. The State has the duty to protect it while obtaining the maximum profit from it notably in the domain of tourism and research. To this end, SDF proposes the creation of an independent national commission made of experts of national and international repute in charge of advising the government on the implementation of a dynamic policy on the protection of the balance of the ecosystem. It would particularly have as mission to evaluate the impact of any development project on the environment.
4-QUEL FUTUR POUR LE NESPROG
Le futur du NESPROG réside dans sa faisabilité et ses objectifs stratégiques, avec pour ambition de conduire le Cameroun au seuil de l’émergence au bout d’une période de dix ans.
FAISABILITE DU NESPROG
1-Evaluation du cout du NESPROG.
La philosophie du SDF qui a présidé à la confection du NESPROG, est qu’un pays doit être le moteur de son propre développement. Il ambitionne par conséquent de financer le NESPROG en grande partie sur les ressources nationales.
Néanmoins, profitant de la nouvelle crédibilité que le pays va acquérir sur la scène internationale en s’engageant résolument sur la voie de la démocratie et en promouvant un Etat de droit, le gouvernement SDF ira sur le marché financier national et international pour rechercher des financements complémentaires pour les grands travaux d’infrastructures ainsi que les équipements dans les zones d’investissements prioritaires.
Les ressources nationales provenant en grande partie des impôts, l’objectif du SDF est surtout de mettre en place un système fiscal dynamique qui concilie la rentabilité avec le souci de ne pas augmenter une pression fiscale dont le poids, bien que essentiellement psychologique constitue jusqu’ici l’un des freins au développement du pays.
D’un autre côté, le SDF tient surtout à éviter le syndrome hollandais, c'est-à-dire l’overdose que provoquerait un déversement massif des investissements que les capacités de l’économie nationale ne lui permettent pas d’absorber.
Il ressort de tout ce qui précède et partant du constat que les investissements publics pendant les dix dernières années oscillaient autour d’une moyenne de 400 milliards l’an, financés par le budget d’investissement public pour environ 300 milliards et des apports extérieurs pour environ 100 milliards, le SDF compte dans un premier temps, pour ce qui concerne l’effort budgétaire, multiplier ce montant par dix ainsi que nous le verrons un peu plus loin. Ce qui donne 4000 milliards l’an.
2- Financing NESPROG
NESPROG will mean nothing if it cannot be financed. Two questions arise: can we afford such an extensive programme, and will people be required to pay more? If the SDF government were to attempt to finance all the proposals contained in NESPROG then the answer to the first question would be a clear 'no' and to the second a clear 'yes' - in other words, NESPROG would fail. We must remind ourselves of the basic principles underlying NESPROG as set out in the preamble. These principles distinguish NESPROG from all other programmes proposed by political parties up to now.
Restructuring the state budget.
Despite the constant increasing of the budget during the twenty seven years of Biwa regime in power, there has been very little development. Such a situation is the consequence of bad budgetary policies such as weak and corrupted management
NESPROG is, therefore, committed to a programme of restructuring public expenditure to finance the SDF government's contribution to the NESPROG. Given the fiscal malaise left by Biwa regime, careful programmes must be developed around financing increased capital expenditure, increasing the efficiency of consumption expenditure and improving the revenue-recovery capacities of the government.
The existing ratios of government expenditure to the whole budget i.e. 60% against 26% to public investment should be reversed. Those of the deficit, borrowing and taxation to GNP are to be reviewed in the SDF macro-economic vision. In meeting the financing needs of the NESPROG and retaining macro stability during its implementation, particular attention will be paid to these ratios. The emphasis will be on ensuring a growing GDP, improved revenue recovery, and more effective expenditure in order to make more resources available. In the process of raising new funds and applying them, the ratios mentioned above must be taken into account.
The SDF government must end unnecessary secrecy in the use of the petrol revenue. To that end, in addition with the budget, it must put in place a National Investment Fund under the control of the Parliament in order to accelerate the implementation of the NESPROG.
Efficient and open transformation of the budget requires the development of five and ten-year fiscal plans as the framework for multi-year budgets.
By combining all the ministries in charge of economy to form a single economy and finance ministry, SDF government will reduce duplication and streamline decision-making.
The SDF government must make the development of effective and open performance auditing a top priority. Auditing of public institutions must broaden from its narrow focus on financial accountability to assess how well expenditures meet NESPROG targets. The Constitution must give la Cour des Comptes responsibility for performance auditing mandated by Parliament. The priority sectors and agencies should be designated for performance auditing.
Under the control of both the government and the Parliament, in consultation with the private sector mains bodies, a Financial and Fiscal Commission should be put in place to review the tax structure in order to develop a more progressive, fair and transparent structure. Priorities will include:
- reviewing personal income tax to reduce the burden caused by fiscal drag on middle-income people;
- rationalising company tax breaks for health, education, housing and other expenditures which may conflict with NESPROG priorities;
- simplifying the unnecessarily complex tax system, which is biased against small and medium-sized enterprises and leads to low effective tax rates despite a fairly high nominal rate;
- zero-rating VAT on basic necessities.
Mobilising new funds.
The National Investment Fund should incorporate all elements of the NESPROG that can generate income streams in the future. The National Investment Fund should include some form of dedicated development bond. In addition, it should draw on specific development levies. The design of development levies will depend on the aims of the NESPROG as a whole, especially in terms of promoting development and growth, but could include levies on capital transfers, land and luxury goods.
5.5.11 There is a need for an overall foreign debt strategy as said above. The NESPROG must use foreign debt financing only for those elements of the programme that can potentially increase Cameroon’s capacity for boosting the productive economy. Relationships with international financial institutions such as the World Bank and International Monetary Fund must be conducted in such a way as to protect the integrity of domestic policy formulation and promote the interests of Cameroon population and the economy. Above all, we must pursue policies that enhance national self-sufficiency and enable Cameroon to reduce dependence on international financial institutions. Further, we must introduce measures to ensure that foreign governmental and non-governmental aid supports the NESPROG.
Private sector participation. The SDF government cannot fund the NESPROG without support from the private sector. Financial institutions must assist both by funding individual programmes to meet basic needs, especially modernizing agriculture and housing, and by improving their services to small-scale producers. The SDF government must modify regulations and support innovative financial institutions and instruments that will fund the NESPROG. It must attempt to mobilise a significant proportion of contractual savings, within an appropriate regulatory and financial framework, for socially desirable investments, without affecting the risk profile or decreasing the returns on investment. If the major financial institutions do not take up socially desirable and economically targeted investments, the SDF government should consider some form of legislative compulsion such as prescribed assets.
Other resources. The power of women in production and in community structures must be fully acknowledged and rewarded. Only through such grassroots-oriented development initiatives can the NESPROG be brought to its logical fruition as a successful programme for all Cameroonians.
5.5.14 En application de tout ce qui précède, les prévisions du SDF sont les suivantes :
3-Evaluation chiffrée de l’effort financier
Depuis 2006 que le Cameroun a atteint le point d’achèvement de l’initiative PPTE, son budget se répartit globalement entre une moyenne de 60% pour le fonctionnement, 25% pour l’investissement et 15% pour le service de la dette.
Dans l’optique d’une accélération du développement du pays, le SDF se propose à long terme de renverser cette tendance, du moins en ce qui concerne les budgets de fonctionnement et d’investissement.
Cependant, dans le cadre du NESPROG, l’objectif est limité à 45% pour le fonctionnement et 50% pour l’investissement. Si on prend pour référence le budget 2010 qui est de 2570 milliards répartis entre 1525 milliards pour le fonctionnement et 676 milliards pour l’investissement, en appliquant ce ratio, le gain obtenu pour le budget d’investissement est de 1285-676 = 609 milliards. Pour le financement du NESPROG, le SDF retient 500 milliards.
D’un autre côté, l’analyse du budget 2007 qui figure en annexe démontre que 85% du budget est consommé par la bureaucratie administrative à Yaoundé et seulement 15% sur le terrain. C’est une orientation qui favorise la corruption qui aux dires de la Banque Mondiale absorbe plus de 50% des ressources budgétaires.
Le SDF estime par conséquent qu’avec une lutte farouche contre la corruption et une décentralisation politique poussée le gain théorique est au moins égal à 1000 milliards, sur lesquels le SDF retient 500 milliards pour le financement du NESPROG.
La restructuration du budget à elle seule, va contribuer pour 1000 milliards au financement du NESPROG.
Mobilisation des fonds de l’extérieur
Pendant les cinq dernières années dont on possède les données chiffrées sur la réalisation du budget, les financements extérieurs effectivement obtenus se présentent ainsi qu’il suit en milliards de francs CFA:
2005 2006 2007 2008
139 143 231 254
Quant aux investissements directs étrangers (IDE) pendant la même période, on peut les évaluer à une moyenne annuelle de 50 milliards.
L’ensemble donne une moyenne annuelle d’environ 300 milliards.
Compte tenu de la nouvelle attractivité dont va bénéficier un Cameroun démocratique et bien géré, le SDF pense qu’il peut collecter un minimum de 500 milliards de financements extérieurs par an.
Selon les estimations les plus fiables, les divers transferts de la diaspora à destination du Cameroun s’élèvent au minimum à 50 milliards de francs CFA par an. Le SDF pense que dans un environnement plus sain il peut les porter à 100 milliards.
Participation du secteur privé
Pour les cinq dernières années, la contribution du secteur pétrolier aux recettes budgétaires est en moyenne de 300 milliards l’an. Mais tout le monde sait que ce montant représente moins de la moitié des vrais revenus de ce secteur qui sont gérés de manière opaque par la Présidence de la République à travers la SNH (Société Nationale des Hydrocarbures. Le SDF compte par conséquent porter cette contribution à 900 milliards.
Pendant la même période, le secteur bancaire a financé l’économie pour une moyenne de 1000 milliards de francs CFA par an dont environ 300 milliards représente des financements à moyen terme. Compte tenu de la surliquidité des banques, le SDF pense qu’une bonne réorganisation du secteur financier peut permettre de porter cette participation à au moins 2000 milliards, avec la moitié, soit 1000 milliards, représentant des financements à moyen et à long terme.
Enfin, l’autofinancement des entreprises, soit par elles-mêmes soit par les maisons mères, tourne autour d’une moyenne de 200 milliards par an. Le SDF pense qu’il peut le porter à 500 milliards.
Nous arrivons ainsi à un total de 4000 milliards l’an pour ce qui est de l’effort budgétaire.
Les financements attendus du marché financier seront négociés compte tenu des capacités d’endettement du pays et des nouvelles possibilités de financement des infrastructures qu’offre actuellement la marche financier international.
Le cout final du NESPROG est par conséquent largement supérieur à l’effort budgétaire ci-dessus évalué. Cependant, la réussite de la mobilisation de l’effort national garantit automatiquement la levée des fonds sur le marché financier .Les principales sources de financement sont les suivantes :
4-Affectation des financements.
Dans l’ordre des priorités économiques et sociales du SDF, le budget sera désormais affecte de la manière suivante :
- agriculture, élevage, pêche et environnement 30% soit 1200 milliards l’an ;
- industrie, commerce et tourisme 25% soit 1000 milliards ;
- infrastructure (communication et télécommunication) 15% soit 600 milliards ;
- éducation 15%, soit 600 milliards ;
- santé 10%, soit 400 milliards ;
- recherche 5%, soit 200 milliards.
5.5.2 Les 1200 milliards affectés l’agriculture, l’élevage, la pêche et l’environnement seront répartis de la manière suivante :
- 50% pour l’activité vivrière ; soit 600 milliards ;
33% pour l’agro-industrie et les cultures de rente, soit 400 milliards ;
17% pour l’environnement, soit 200 milliards.
5.5 3Pour les 600 milliards affectés à l’activité vivrière, nous avons déjà vu que l’activité agricole est contrôlée à 85% par les femmes et les jeunes. Sur une population de 20 millions d’habitants, 60% ont moins de 20 ans, tandis que 80% sont des femmes. La combinaison de tous ces facteurs, nous donne une population active femmes-jeunes d’environ 6 millions. La répartition des 600 milliards entre les 6 millions, nous donne un financement moyen de 100 000 francs par personne, suffisant pour transforme le Cameroun en grenier de l’Afrique.
OBJECTIFS STRATEGIQUES DU NESPROG
Non seulement le NESPROG compte faire du Cameroun un pays émergent, mais plus, le SDF en tant que parti social démocrate, a l’ambition de faire du Cameroun un pays où il fait bon vivre, avec à la clé certains objectifs économiques et sociaux spécifiques.
Ce sont :
1 – atteindre l’autosuffisance alimentaire dans toutes les régions.
2 – porter l’espérance de vie de 53 ans pour les femmes et 52 ans pour les hommes aujourd’hui, respectivement à 73 et 72 ans. Action phare : institution d’une assurance maladie universelle et transformation de la CNPS en une caisse d’assurance sociale gérée par les partenaires sociaux.
3 – réduire le taux de pauvreté de 50% de nos jours à moins de 20%.
4 – porter le taux de scolarisation de 70% à 90 : actions phares, gratuité de l’école et ré institution de la bourse.
5 – porter le taux d’accès à l’eau potable de 10% en zone rurale et 23% en zone urbaine à 50% en zone rurale et 70% en zone urbaine.
6 – porter le taux d’accès à l’électricité de 5% en zone rurale et 45% en zone urbaine à 50% en zone rurale et 70% en zone urbaine.
7 – amener la production industrielle de 29% du PIB à au moins 50%.
8 – porter les routes bitumées de 4000 à 40 000 kilomètres.
9 - porter les rails de 900 kilomètres à 2000 kilomètres.
10 – construire 1000 d’autoroutes (Douala- Yaoundé, Douala- Limbé, Douala- Bafoussam- Bamenda, Yaoundé-Bafoussam, Yaoundé- Ebolowa- frontière Gabon, Ngaoundéré- Maroua).
11 – construire des ports en eau profonde à Kribi et à Limbé et des ports fluviaux à Garoua et à Yabassi.
12 – faire de Bakassi une zone d’investissement prioritaire.
13 – réaliser la transafricaine – route ou rail - Douala- Mombassa au Kenya.
Les objectifs de 8 à 13 seront en grande partie financés par des fonds recherchés sur le marché financier.
Throughout NESPROG, SDF has stressed a people-driven programme. People have been part of drawing up the NESPROG and they must now take the process forward. How can this be done in concrete ways? A number of processes must now begin.
NESPROG will now be used to consult widely, in order to get comment and further input. Any party, organisation that share the same values as SDF and that wishes to make such a contribution can do so in writing, or contact SDF to arrange a meeting. Any organisation that feels that it can make a specific contribution to the implementation of NESPROG should do likewise.
SDF welcomes critics and comment from any organisation, expert or person with knowledge about any of the areas covered in NESPROG
When time will come, material will be produced that will popularise NESPROG and allow for its discussion throughout the length and breadth of the country. However, this must not be a process of telling people what a new SDF government will do for them, but of encouraging people to play an active role in implementing their own NESPROG with government assistance.
Hon. E. FOPOUSSI FOTSO
Categories: Historic Documents